Condemning violence always based on the dignity and upholding human rights is necessary to mention that action research was developed in Germany, Denmark, Italy, Spain and Mexico with 2000 students from 9-18 years, 125 teachers and over two academic years. The research is entitled: “Present Without Violence. Building a Culture of Peace. ” Initial discussions revealed the existence of problematic situations, gender discrimination and the need to design an action plan for educational practice. The project was carried out following contents: a) masculinities and gender, b) sexuality and sexual preference, c) violence in everyday life, d) sexual violence, e) the sentimental education, f) intercultural g) gender and violence, h) gender and xenophobia, i) families, j) relations of power and violence k) culture of peace. The methodology for this project has been adapted to the conditions of each Centre and the degree of involvement of the Senate with the development of the program established, working several teachers and several teachers from their areas in the same class group, or on other occasions, has been one teacher / a.
Also the contents developed are adapted to the context and environment. The ultimate goal of this project was to bring the conflict as curricular dimension and build a culture of peace, focusing on the abolition of gender power relations and coexistence of people, eradicate injustice and lack of solidarity to achieve happiness and harmony in harmony. Among the main findings include the following: “The evaluation of this project has shown that it is possible the awareness of what our forms of expression of violence among adolescents, as a first stage for the development of skills in conflict resolution. 49% of students have improved their conceptions of gender violence and multiculturalism (the percentage is higher in our country: 51.2% of students). And the change is higher in boys than in girls, reflecting mainly those who exercise violence. There is a common-and troubling trend “in European countries such as the claim of adolescent girls of psychological violence, despite knowing the effects it produces-as a sign of equality with male adolescents.
Consequently, equality policies should ensure that adolescents assume values traditionally assigned to women: ethics of care, solidarity, lack of competitiveness and aggressiveness, and expression of feelings like love. We assume that the people promoting behaviors, attitudes and values against the liberators that generate oppression. ” Ignacio G. de la Rosa and Juan Manuel de la Cruz (1998) in the article: “Teens a little happier, after detecting the opinions of more than a hundred of teenagers on the distribution of domestic roles and care of others, given the views framed within a patriarchal ideology of masculinity, but after the educational work done by the authors began to detect changes in stereotypical ideas. These results are encouraging because they demonstrate the effectiveness of education in eliminating prejudice and violence prevention, the possibility of countering this scourge of society that affects half of humanity. Today it is urgent to analyze society and see the deaths that violence occurs against women, deaths are only the tip of the iceberg of the tragedy of many women, the addition of programs that address gender violence eliminating sexist attitudes of school but not as a cross-sectional area but fully integrated into the curriculum. Furthermore, as the violence is learned, it may prevent achieving the ultimate goal of total elimination of inequalities, and eradicating violence against girls and women.