Use Industrial Climbers Ladders

When working at height industrial climbers use ladders. Identify several types of ladders: ladders, sliding trehkolennye; odnokolennye inclined ladders, ladders vertical, hinged and free-standing, collapsible portable, ladders and stairs. All types of ladders are made of Gotham (8556-72, 26887-86). On the string or tags stairs and ladders indicate the inventory number, belonging to the shop and the date of the subsequent test. The length of the ladders shall be not more than 5 meters, equipped with a device to prevent shifts in the upper end of the ladder are the hooks grip, which prevents falling of stairs. Establish and fix up the stairs to climb. Dimensions of stairs should allow industrial climbers to work while standing on the steps, with the expectation that up to the top of the stairs at least 1m. Industrial climbers wear safety belt when working on a ladder and the height of more than 1,3 m.

When installing ladders places they occupy, fenced or protected for safe traffic and transport people. In the case of matching wooden ladders are allowed no more than two and sturdy metal clamps. Not allowed on portable ladders: to work at one ladder is more than one industrial climber move the cargo, leaving the tool and work near rotating machinery, use an electric or pneumatic tools, to perform gas and electric welding operations, support heavy items. To start use a ladder to provide stability for the possibility of shifting the upper end must be secured for sustainable design, if you can not fix, at its base should adhere to the employee in helmet. In vertical ladders angle to the horizon for more than 75 , a height of over 5m, 3m from the provision of fences in the form of arcs.

Ladders equipped with more than 10m platforms for rest every 10m. Respecting all the training requirements of stairs, industrial climbers begin to work at height with confidence. Industrial climbers can work, and supervisors are confident only if all the requirements for the preparation of aerial work performed. Not primarily, but important requirement is related to the presence of fences. Protections jobs are carried out only by state standards and are divided into: protection (designed for durability and resistance to horizontally and vertically with a load of 400N / m (40kgs / m) applied to the request); belay (designed for durability and resistance to horizontal with a load of 700N (70kgs / m) applied at any point); signal (Hold a rope, fastened to posts or stable construction, safety signs hung over 6m) at the place of installation with respect to employment on: internal (without restriction of the distance from border difference in height); outer (set the border drop in height at a distance of 0,20-0,25 m) by the method of attachment: support mounted. Protective & Safety fences are painted in yellow signal colors. Term operation for the metallic elements of at least 5 years for wooden and plastic not less than 2,5 years. Control over the exploitation of fences placed on industrial climber, wizards, or the district engineer, in Depending on a specified person in the order of the organization. Fences are collected in a set and assign a separate brigade. Erection and dismantling entrusted to a specially trained employees who use safety belt. Detected defective components fences to be replaced. Industrial climbers doing their professional duty, and specially trained people provide this process.

Replacement Licenses

For a long time the main document, authorizing the construction business, had a license. However, from 1 January 2009 the state abolished the system in construction, engineering design, architectural design, repair and reconstruction. Basis is the Federal Law N 143 "On Amendments to the Urban Planning Code and other legislative acts' on July 22, 2008. With the entry into force of this regulation wishing continue work on the construction market to enter into self-regulatory organization (that is, to enter into the construction of sro, a sro in the design, or any other). Members of the cpo in the building should be receive only one document: the certificate-tolerance on the performance of certain types of work. And not for a limited period, as it was with the licenses, and for the duration of the company. And all this for a very 'symbolic' Taxi: 300 000 rub – initial payment plus an annual membership fee, which is still ranges from 40,000 to 100,000 rubles.

Without access to the 1 January 2010 to take responsibility for work on the project in the construction business and to make contractor or general designer will be impossible. SROs in construction will set quality standards for the industry, and the participants entrust to perform and individual entrepreneurial projects, and national and regional. The question of the abolition of licenses exaggerated than one year. One of the justifications for the transition to a new system – removal of administrative barriers and obstacles at all stages of construction projects, eradication of corruption in this sphere. Will the proposed re-organization of proficiency test hotbed of corruption, we can only guess. The main message of the same reforms that the government no longer able at the proper level to control the activities of construction companies, of which, according to conservative estimates, there about a quarter of a million.

The transition to self-regulation will change the structure of the building market, fill it with responsibility, professional players capable of internally standardize their operations, officials believe. According to Federal Law N 148 of July 22, 2008 'SRO establishes the requirement for certificates of compliance activities, which affect the security of capital construction. " Along with professional fitness test on the shoulders of sro in the building will fall and the responsibility for the company – members Union. Thus, if a sudden grief and construction company will build a low-quality facility for all the consequences will be responsible SROs, namely: to pay the compensation fund from the total material damage and carry out reconstruction of such a project at his own expense. Culprits face expulsion from the brotherhood, and fined. The case was back in . It is logical to assume that the introduction of such a 'mutual responsibility' will reflect positively on the quality of construction. But some experts continue to doubt whether this really 'bright' future construction business has prepared new legislation.

Increased Fasteners

The most significant share in total imports has products in China. Share domestic production of construction fasteners in Russia today is, accordingly, no more than 20-30%. Moreover, the majority of domestic manufacturers offered a wide range of insufficient construction fasteners. And produced by domestic companies produce, in most cases, inferior products, such as from China, not only on price but also on quality. The main reasons for low competitiveness Russian production of fasteners in comparison with Chinese experts say: lack of raw materials in the country of sufficient quality, outdated equipment and technology, lack of public support for the industry.

Reduction in the production of construction fasteners in Russia. The declining trend in production of construction fasteners in Russia, according to experts, in the near future will continue, including with regard to price increases metal during the crisis, which adversely affected the profitability of production. In general, the prospects for Russian factories in the market fasteners experts estimate that as dubious, including because of the weak orientation of the major Russian metallurgical plants on the market for mass consumption. Loading of many domestic enterprises for the production of hardware does not exceed 60-70%. For example, the company "MMK-Metiz, most whose production accounts for a building complex, loading on the first quarter of 2009 is about 20-40%. Reducing the profitability of domestic production.

Experts attribute this trend is not only to external factors. In particular, the reduction in profitability is also affected by the high cost of equipment (mostly imported), the lack of cooperation, a clear need to optimize business processes, etc. Lack of state support for domestic production of construction fasteners. This trend not only results in a decrease in production, but also to the closure of a number of industries, particularly all in connection with the reduction of competitiveness of domestic fasteners in comparison with imported products on price. Meanwhile, for example, in Belarus, where there is government support for domestic production, the share of Belarusian producers is about 50%. Increased number of import suppliers, increased competition between the imported suppliers and manufacturers. In particular, the number of suppliers construction fasteners from China. Expansion of Chinese products on the Russian market is a very fast pace. Thus, according to some estimates, over the past 5 years, imports of construction fasteners from China increased fivefold. Also increases number of suppliers from the cis countries, such as Belarus and Ukraine. The proportion of Chinese products under import is dominant share. By some estimates, today around 70% of imports takes products from China, the share of cis countries – about 5% to other producing countries (Germany, Finland, Italy, Sweden) have, respectively, about 25%. Experts also note that the import fasteners from China is increasing every year. For example, in 2007 China's share in the Russian market of construction fasteners was about 50%, 20% below 2009. In general, China is now considered a world leader in fastener construction destination. Emergence of new products on the market of construction fasteners. The emergence of new types of products on the market fasteners driven, according to experts, especially the development of new technologies in construction. Assortment of fasteners in retail outlets is determined mainly by the type of retail outlet. In particular, the chain stores are usually represented by multi-brand products, both European and Chinese manufacturers. Construction markets in more Chinese products sold (the lower and middle price segment).