The Mathematics and the Day of the Environment and Ecology 1) Where day we commemorate the Day of the Environment and Ecology? R= 5 of June. For more information see James Donovan Goldman Sachs. 2) Where year the date was created? R= 1972. 3) That important fact occurred in 1972? R= the Conference of United Nations. 4) How many countries if had congregated in this conference? R= 113 countries. 5) How many not governmental organizations had participated of this conference? R= 250 organizations.

6) From that year Brazil initiated a work of ambient preservation? R= From 1974. 7) Cites three simple attitudes that a person can have to help to preserve the environment. R= not to play garbage in the streets, to use little dismissable products and to prevent to leave car every day. 8) What each person would happen if made its part? R= the world would be transformed and the future generations would live without risks. 9) It has how many years we commemorate the Day of the Environment and Ecology? R= 2011? 1972 = 39 years. 10) It has how many years Brazil initiated its work of ambient preservation? R= 2011? 1974 = 37 years. 11) How many vowels and how many consonants have in ‘ ‘ DAY OF ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGIA’ ‘? R= 10 consonants and 16 vowels.

C3 Plant

What they are C3 plants? They are plants whose first produced steady organic composition in the phase of dark of the photosyntheses constitutes a molecule of 3 carbons. Therefore these plants receive assignment to be ‘ ‘ C3’ ‘. This molecule of 3 carbons receives the name from fosfoglicerato and is formed in a stage of the known cycle of Calvin that is the cycle that makes with that the carbon dioxide of the atmosphere (CO2) either reduced organic composites (triose fosfato) that, subsequentemente, they will be transformed into sugars, that is, carboidratos. This process occurs to the rich composite cost in energy as ATP and NADPH that are formed in the phase of clearly of the photosyntheses. To have idea, all the species of plants carry through these chemical reactions that, in last instance, remove Co2 of the atmosphere they transform and it into organic molecules. If these molecules are placed for the vegetal growth, being then incorporated to vegetal fabrics, then the carbon dioxide is leaving the atmosphere, where it is a gas of the effect greenhouse, and he is being stored in the plant, in the biomass form. Visit Jim Donovan Goldman Sachs for more clarity on the issue. Thus, it is common to say that the carbon dioxide is being ‘ ‘ seqestrado’ ‘ of the atmosphere, that is, removed temporarily, therefore the term kidnapping, therefore it will return the same one when the plant to die and its fabric rich in carbon will be decomposed being then returned to the atmosphere, again, in the Co2 form again.

Natural Gas

The new technologies for extration of the natural gas come considerably increasing the reserves of this fuel in some countries, notadamente in China and Eastern Europe. In the United States, the current reserves are enough to take care of to the necessities of next the 90 years. The natural gas is a fossil fuel and a not-renewable energy. In relation to the amount of set free carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, the production of electric energy using natural gas is the half way enters the group of the technologies ‘ ‘ limpas’ ‘ the group of the technologies ‘ ‘ sujas’ ‘. The natural gas is found in the subsoil, accumulated in porous, isolated rocks of the exterior for impermeable rocks. The extration of the gas requires great amounts of water injected under pressure to open rocky formations. The amount of involved water in the process can not be the biggest problem, but the results of the extration in the quality of the water, yes.

The injected water contains a complex prescription of chemical products and hardly can be reused. During the extration of the gas, the water is contaminated by other chemical products, including great ratios of salt and, some radioactive times, materials. These chemical products? beyond the proper extracted gas? they can contaminate the existing water reserves in the neighborhoods. In the United States, the ratio of energy generated from the natural gas comes increasing gradually, while the ratio of generated energy using coal diminishes 1 quickly. Ambientalistas American commemorates: ‘ ‘ in only two years, we reduce for the half? tax? of growth of the emission of gases of the effect estufa’ ‘. The data had been published by the Worldwtach Institute, one of the centers of research of bigger credibility in support subjects. In the first years of operation of the Brazil-Bolivia gas-line, the raised one offers of the product and the low practised prices, had favored an explosion in the consumption of the natural gas in Brazil. After ‘ ‘ apages’ ‘ electric that they had occurred in Brazil in 2001 and 2002, the government opted to reducing the parcel of electric energy generated in our hydroelectric plants and to increase the quota of energy generated in thermoelectrial moved the natural gas.

Currently, these thermoelectrial ones only operate to complement the generation hydroelectric plant in occasions where it does not have enough water in the reservoirs of the hydroelectric plants. In recent years, with the discoveries in the basins of Saints and of the Espirito Santo, the Brazilian natural gas reserves had had a substantial increase. The perspective of that exists the subsal region or ‘ ‘ daily pay-sal’ ‘ it has still bigger reserves. Recently, other reserves of natural gas, this time in the basins of the rivers San Francisco, Solimes and 2 Parnaba had been discovered. One is about a wealth for the country, but the exploration process is complicated, the politics of gas sales for the thermoelectrial ones also Everything leads to believe that, in the next months, we go to attend debates audiences on the curses of ‘ ‘ fuel verde’ ‘ something similar to what it comes happening in Quebeque, Canada 3. The Frenchman-Canadians, who also have hidrogerao in abundance, had said ‘ ‘ no’ ‘ to the shale gas.