National Convention

Legislature was forced to disband, on 20 September 1792 he began the work of the National Convention. On the same day the French army defeated the German army at the Battle of Valmy, and a month later took Austrian Netherlands (Belgium). Since the beginning of the Convent was split into two powerful factions – the Montagnards and the Girondins. Supported the Commune of Paris Jacobins, headed by the Robespierre. Danton and Marat, received about 100 seats in parliament, and the Girondins – about 175.

The remaining 475 deputies were the center, balanced between the two locked in mortal combat parties. The National Convention began its work with the trial deposed king, who is now simply called "Citizen Capet". Already 22 September 1792 MPs abolished the monarchy and France was proclaimed a republic. After the trial, more like political farce. Louis xvi was condemned to death and publicly executed on January 21, 1793. For the death penalty voted 387 deputies voted against 334. Execution of the king became a major political step, which finally drew a line under a relatively peaceful course of political struggle. People who provoked the massacre of prisoners, and then signed the death warrant of any innocent monarch crossed the border, after which did not feel bound by any moral standards and no doubt began to kill their political opponents.