The STUDY OF Society

I – The STUDY OF the ETHICS AND AESTHETIC Pablo Freire it is before everything an educator. Its workmanship leaves roots in the philosophical and antropolgico field, is extended for the area of the communication, apia in sociological knowledge, and is endowed with implications politics. This complexity to multidiscipline of its thought concurs, however, to stand out and to deepen its basic concern: to give to the educative process the essential conditions so that this contributes to the full and conscientious accomplishment of each man in the seio of the society. Leaving of this estimated, of that the education it must have a global vision of the pupil, with feelings and emotions, it is that if it becomes excellent, the study of the dimensions ethical and aesthetic in the pedagogical thought of Pablo Freire. Practical and the freiriana theory, bases on ethics inspired by the relation ' ' man-knot-mundo' ' , that is, to be in the world, in the construction of its ' ' be-knot-world-with-the-outros' ' , that is, to be capable of if relating with the people and the society (FREIRE, 2001c). The expression of this ethics, if of the one in the forms of the aesthetic one, the rescue and the search of all is also noticed, that the forms of expression human being – its proper aesthetic beauty and the improvement of these expressions. Thus, as in them it presents Freire, the beauty is not privilege of a classroom, but a construction shared for all, needing to be conquered to each moment, each decision, by means of experiences, attitudes capable to create and to recriar the world.

Freire, however, calls the attention for a basic aspect. A deep linking between the educative process and the too much essential processes to the life of a society exists: the activity politics, economic, cultural. The educative process is not only one activity human being among others, but an inherent dimension to any activity of the man as to be social.


The dream did not finish, but it comes across the challenge to go beyond the governmental structures and to create alternatives in the groups of form that the liberating mstica does not erase the combat against the spot of the modern slavery of the wild capitalism. The black candidacy of Francisca Trindade, blunted in form of advance and conquest of the space and black power in the institucional politics as councilman of Teresina, later state deputy and Representative, come to falecer in the height of its work together politician the layers poor of the State of the Piau, left in us the lighted flame of the fight for the public politics to be implanted in the communities quilombolas of the urban and agricultural zone. This person knew to be militant a militant one, as I buzzed of the Palmares, in action in favor of the people suffered from the Piau. In its cabinet always she had the presence of militant of the black movement. Another organized group important was the Black Movement Unified – MNU created by Frei Leandro and Adriana, Estnio and Claude Melo among others militant.

The group searchs the enrollment conquest and politician its filiados of the black power, with agenda politics in favor of the independent black organization of the spaces coed-opt for the politics of the elites of Brazil. Involving the Piaui now. After some years of walked the black movement its part has grown inside of a optics directed toward each person making. However, this inside brought new dynamics of the creativity and decentralization of leaderships. Although the individualism is having advances in the direction of performance in the diverse areas is social, politician, cultural and economic. To follow the diverse groups will be cited that prominence in the communitarian and social works has had with attention the black culture. The Groups of black women organized civil entity that has grown, and has fought burning hotly for social projects and politicians in sight to raise auto-esteem of the black woman, are with new headquarters where he has developed diverse communitarian activities.

Brazilian Institute

But nor always it was thus, history in the sample that, that diverse empires and kingdoms, in prominence, the empires Roman (absolute terrestrial domain) and British (unquestionable domain of the seas), had conquered many spaces, generally called of territories, without the existence of a necessary delimitation. The territory concept is many times confused with the one of space. This problem consisted due to the tenuous bordering limits between the geographic categories. First the great theoretician of geography to work with the category territory proved itself in the figure of Friedrich Ratzel, one of the systemizing ones of the geographic knowledge (ROCK, 2008, P. 135-136), Ratzel also was famous for writing thematic as, vital space, territorial conquest state expansion. The formation of the territories depends necessarily on the relation that the society has with the space in uncurling and in the plot of history. The Region is different of the territory, considers region as an area or space that congregates certain common or similar characteristics, as natural, social, economic, cultural aspects, amongst others. The region can be delimited as it occurs with the units politics, or not, this depends on the type of area to be analyzed (natural, urban, agricultural).

The region can be considered as the division of the geographic space or of the ambient space (natural), it can still incorporate some countries or to be one part, the example the current regional division of Brazil determined for the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, without before arguing with the researchers of the geography area politics. According to Saints (1997) the most famous gegrafos, during many years, had deepened the studies on the region, as much in the field theoretician, how much in the field of the empirizao. As Corra apud Saints (1997) Multiple is the approaches on region. The landscape, on the other hand, is the result of all the occured transformations in the litosfrico carpet. The landscape is the only one of the categories that are not conceived as an area or as something delimited, the landscape is perceivable for the human directions. The landscape can be natural or resulted of the interaction society – nature, however, the landscape integrates all the other geographic categories. For Saints (1997) Landscape is everything what we enxergamos, is what our vision reaches.

The landscape can be defined as the domain of the visible one, what the sight accumulates of stocks, and is not formed only of volumes, but also of colors, movements, odors, sounds, etc. The occured constructions and reconstructions in the interior of the too much categories reverberate in the alteration of the landscape, characterizing the landscape as the more perceivable geographic category and less controversa of the point of view of the society contemporary. However, the creations and recriaes of the society on the ambient and artificial space modify the landscape inserting new elements in it, thus constituting, another landscape, another image, another nature, another society. REFERENCES ROCK, Jose Carlos. Dialogue enters the categories of geography: space, territory, and landscape. Magazine Ways of Geography v. 9, N. 26 Jun/2008 P. 128? 142. Uberlndia: Institute of Geography – UFU, 2008. SAINTS, Milton. Metamorphoses of the inhabited space. So Paulo: Hucitec, 1997. IT HISSES, Lenyra Rique of. The contradictory nature of the geographic space. So Paulo: Context, 2001. , .

Social Aspects of Brazil

Carmelite Maria Yazbek the author brings a debate concerning the poverty and of the social exclusion as some of the resultants of the social matter that permeiam the life of the subordinate classrooms of the Brazilian society, with which the professional of the social service if confrots in its intervention. The analysis also engloba a reflection on the precarious system of public social protection in the country in the context of the crisis most global with that if they confrot the public politics in the contemporaneidade. In view of that the object of intervention of the social assistant is the social matter, this if reformulates and if it redefines, but she remains the same one for if dealing with a structural question, that is not decided in by its very nature exculpatory a social economic formation. According to Yazbek, the social matter assumes new configurations and expressions between which: the transformations of the work relations; the loss of the standards of social protection of the workers and of sectors more vulnerable than veem its threatened conquests and rights. The condition of poverty, exclusion and subalternidade comes increasing continuously, over all from years 90. Ahead of this, the subalternidade says respect to the protagonism absence, of being able, expressing the domination and the exploration. These three categories respectively configure, therefore as indicating of one form of insertion in the social life, of a condition of classroom and other conditions of the inaquality (as sort, etnia, origin etc.).

They are products of the effective relations in the society that produce and reproduce the inaquality in the social, economic plan, cultural politician and. The poverty is related with the discarding of hand of cheap workmanship, that is part of the capitalist expansion. Expansion that a sobrante population creates, that implies in the dissemination of the unemployment of long duration, of the precarious work, unstable and informal work.