Argentine Republic

In March of 1860 the presidential succession takes place, assumes Derqui like President and Pedernera like Vice-president, Buenos Aires obtains that the National Treasure guarantees the budget by 5 years more, followed leading the Customs of Buenos Aires and it was hoped that it puts together its economy, meanwhile in San Juan was an institutional crisis that affects the Province of Buenos Aires. Art. 30 of the Constitution established that this could to be reformed in everything or part of her, reunited a congress with the approval of 2/3 of the Camera. In 1860 one reforms the Constitution and Integra to Buenos Aires. Main reforms: organic reform and dogmatic reform. In the Constitution of 1853 this settled down that Buenos Aires is the capital, does not accept and proposes that the capital is where the Congress arranges and approves by Law and had to be Federal the territory. Buenos Aires incorporates that to the congress the legislation corresponds to him, the rights of import and export and this will be until 1866, in addition it did not have to exist customs tariffs.

Art. 5: it established the obligations of the Provinces, had to dictate his own Constitution, the justice administration, the primary education, municipal government. It is eliminated 17 Art.s last paragraph (executions to lance and knife). The National Government will not dictate laws that restrict the Freedom of the Press. Art.

33: Implicit rights, the rights are not in restrictive form, but in enumerativa form. One derives the political rights. Art. 35: One considers the names of the National State (Argentine Republic). In the organic part, the reform that arises from Art. 64, says that the Congress will dictate citizenship laws. They must be beaten at the beginning of nationality citizenship (requisite of the president, one abroad demands to be natural or children to him of born Argentineans).

Brussels Congress

The j of the Executive, Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, went to the Plenary Session of the Congress to ask for the support of the deputies for an intervention that initially settled down in a month for three the aerial month and exclusion zone for the naval embargo of arms. However, it contemplated the possibility of proroguing both missions if they required it to the conditions. Thus, in view of the change in the situation, a new agreement of the Cabinet the 15 of April established the request of authorization to the Congress to extend the participation in the aerial exclusion zone during two months more. In this case the one in charge to go to the Commission of Dnsa of the Congress was Chacn to successfully obtain the parliamentary support. In this occasion, the Government has decided to solicit that the prorogation is with indefinite character, since, according to it indicated the minister of Dnsa in Brussels, Spain is in favor to continue in the mission " until the attainment of the objectives " of NATO. According to he indicates the east Ministry Friday in a press note, the participation in the resolution of the crisis like allies of NATO, the needs of the international operation in Libya to protect to the population against possible attacks, and the Spanish commitment with the universal values consecrated in the Letter of United Nations of respect to the life and the rights of the people advises to prorogue the participation of the Spanish military units in Protective the Unified operation. Source of the news: The Government approves to prorogue the Spanish mission in Libya with the same ctivos

Concepts And Importance Of Economic Geography

Concepts and Importance of Economic Geography Carlos Alexander Barbosa Sobreira Graduating Geography? UFCG/PB SUMMARY This study looks for to present an analysis of Economic Geography and Geographic Science, detaching its importance in the economic and space systems. The objective is to catalogue the main theoretical and metodolgicas contributions that, in the historical process, make possible the result of a new field of study of the space. The methodology of used research left of the study of the historical factors and the conceptual analysis of some authors who had approached the importance of the Economy in the field of geographic study. Word-Key Geography, Economy, Geography-Economic, Economic Science. INTRODUCTION This work is a conceptual analysis of Geography and Economic Geography, approaching its importance in the study of the social and economic development in the standards of space differentiations. The main objective is to present the oppositions and conceptions that, in the period of crisis, make possible a significant change in two sciences. The methodology of research used in this work broke of the detailed, but not exhausting study of the concepts of Geography, making a relation between the Economy and the social development, from the results of the economic production in the geographic space. GEOGRAPHIC SCIENCE AND the ECONOMIC GEGRAFIA Diverse authors, as Andrade (1998); Towers (2004); Egler (1994); Chorincas (2001); Moreira (1981), in the attempt to search a concept only of Geography, if had come across with great questionings.

However, it did not prevent that it was produced. To understand the importance of Geography as Science and Economic Geography, is necessary to understand the concepts of these two important categories of study. Some conceptions exist that give an ample vision of the knowledge of Geography. The social, economic relations, politics, cultural, at last, the levels of reproduction of the geographic space that puts into motion the development and the societies, can define the epistemolgica evolution of Geographic Science and Economic Science (Moreira, 1981).

Productive Chain

Brazil in accord with Brazilian Institute of Egg yolks and precious Metals extending the access of the microns and small companies to the credit as form to increase the number of jobs, to improve the income, to professionalize young and to promote the inclusion social. In this context, to implement and to develop action in local productive arrangements in a state of the Northeast region imply that not to promote the access of the small productive units to the technological, financial and legal services. It implies, primordially, in directing efforts in the direction to redesign one politics of regional development recognizing the diversities, the especificidades and the vocation of the region its people. The MARKET OF EGG YOLKS AND JEWELS the productive chain of egg yolks and jewels is represented by a system of activities that engloba the extration of the raw material, the stonecutting of rocks, the transformation in products and its commercialization. Brazil is known internationally as important producer of precious rocks. They is esteem that in its ground they are 35% of the world-wide reserves. It is the only producer of imperial topaz and tourmaline Paraba and as the producing one of emeralds. It also produces great amounts of citrus, agate, water-navy, amethyst, tourmaline, topaz and crystal of quartz.

The sector demand one adequate and steady public politics to diminish the informality and to promote the competitiveness of the exportations. Although the absence of one more efficient and including politics of exportations around the transport and of the localization of the producing companies, the egg yolk sector and jewels is a generating fort of verge in the country. In 2004 the sector exported around US$ 667 million, what it corresponds 46% of the esteem production, thus evidencing the positive impact in the Brazilian balance of payments. The chain of egg yolks and metals is between the considered sectors dynamic, therefore the world-wide commerce of its products grows above of 4% to the year and Brazil increased its participation in this market of 0,5%, in 1999 for 1% in 2004.


Then, when having this modernization in the agricultural production, the accumulation of the capital will be a predominant factor in the process of expropriation of lands, had to the sprouting of the great plants. Modifying the work relations mainly and making to appear a layer of wage-earning workers and with this, causing one ‘ ‘ marginalizao’ ‘ of these workers, a time that, when having these changes, the lands that before the peasants used for the sustenance of its families, had been being confiscated for the owners of the devices due to search for the increase of the agrarian production. He is valid to give a bigger attention to an existing modification of social status. The peasant if becomes a wage-earning worker (characteristic typically of the capitalism), its subsistence will be materialize, not for its direct work in small leasehold properties they, but now for its force of developed work in exchange for a wage remuneration. From then on, the ideology present politics in the agricultural areas, passes for a releitura and a new analysis, therefore the agricultural workers used in supplying devices of sugar cane-of-sugar or on properties the plant, for generally not having been contemplated with no assured labor law, will have as main fight politics, the creation of a body of working laws, silencing the fight biggest, the access the land. At this moment he starts to exist two categories: the first one consists of the wage-earning agricultural workers who if directly find the relations of capitalist work on and one second classroom of peasants who, according to VENDRAMINI (2008) ‘ ‘ it is submitted indirectly to the capital, formal it preserves its autonomy and it makes look like to work exactly for itself, but in the reality it depends on the financial, commercial capital and industrial’ ‘. Soon, these two distinct classrooms, although to be in the same bulge of the classrooms explored for the capital, reveal in its intentions politics with different purposes.

Vacant Lands

legal 3.Precedentes: the referring legislative trajectory to the aboriginal questions Is considered to follow it, to evoke the involved lines of direction in the institutionalization of the Brazilian legislative process, in favor of the legal evolution and of the positivao of the rights directed to the aboriginal peoples. In this trajectory, several had been the legal forms used to contemplate and to interpret the questions problematizadas for the aboriginal peoples. The identified demand as more emblematic and justificadamente controversial, landmark of busy lands for the indians is mentioned to it since the first centuries. In the process of settling, a priori, the lands were of free Portuguese occupation. The measure that the Portuguese Crown institua some legalist actions, antagonistic and contradictory forms of regulation if firmed front to the demands imposed for the aboriginal peoples. However the legal instruments were not accomplished and little they influenced in the established partner-historical dynamics, however considered summary interventions that harmed the aboriginal peoples strong. In 1831, ' ' liberdade' ' of the indians it was restituted, and to the peace judges the function of tutors of the aboriginal peoples was delegated.

In such a way &#039 is born; ' julgamento' ' that it denotes the necessity of the indians to be tutored people for the State (OSSAMI, 2001). Already in 1850, with the edition of Vacant Lands, it is made sure the indians the territorial right of busy lands. It is standed out that intention of the document was one more time inferior front to the antagonistic interests that had not supplied to such legal disposal the deserved legitimacy – fact this that is demonstrated recurrent in the present time (SAINTS, 2009). This situation of contradictory laws only starts to be modified from the Republic, when the beginning of a new indigenista politics is identified. The insistent ones you strike between indians and not-indians, and the national economic configuration from the expansion of the agroindstrias, had demanded a state intervention.

Inhabited Space

METAMORPHOSIS OF the INHABITED SPACE the man possesss the ability to obtain to explore the places recntidos of the planet, a test of this is the interplanetary trips made by the same, without forgetting that the land continues being its dwelling. The inhabited space, backwards in its meaning one I fear of adaptation of the man to the place to be inhabited by the same, what it by itself makes of the human being a social being, the result of this everything is a change in such a way in the qualitative form, how much quantitative on the space. Adaptation of vegetables and animals made for the advance of the knowledge of the man with passing of the centuries, had diminished the risk of the hunger, and the demographic acceleration was the resultant of such advance. Each inhabited space of the globe was being inhabited of different form, in such a way internal migrations how much external, they had collaborated as primordial factor for this inaquality in the occupation of the space. In World War II, it made with I number that it of migrations increased, and the changes frequent politics in the countries underdeveloped they had taken the high migrations of work.

The urbanization makes with that the geographic distribution moves and it is a favorable phenomenon in the countries of third world, therefore favors the regions most dynamic. Artificial the geographic way is each more common time in our daily one, the cultural landscape comes substituting the natural landscape, and the workmanships constructed for the man, come hiding the nature. The technological and scientific innovations come playing an important role in the agriculture that in turn was benefited of these innovations to be able to intensify its production in the field, the modernization that the transports had suffered had made with that the distances were lesser between the cities and inside of the same ones.